Christian Nationalism Is Tearing Ethiopia Apart
(Foreign Policy, 2022-06-18)
Ethiopia’s Invisible Ethnic Cleansing
The World Can’t Afford to Ignore Tigray
(Foreign Affairs, 2022-06-02)
Eritrean troops shell town in north Ethiopia - U.N. (Reuters 2022-05-31)
Ehiopian government’s Tigray siege leading to starvation, suicide, exodus
Gebre Maryam saw his wife begging in Mekelle’s streets. When she got home that afternoon, her husband had hanged himself. Gebre Maryam committed suicide because of the soul-destroying misery and ignominy.
The Anatomy of Ethiopia’s Civil War
(Current History, Kjetil Tronvoll, May 2022)
"Tigray is seen by many as the cradle of Ethiopian civilization. It is the site of the ancient Aksum kingdom, the predecessor state of what would become modern Ethiopia. Tigray thus has always been at the core of the evolving Ethiopian polity."
“We Will Erase You from This Land”
Crimes Against Humanity and Ethnic Cleansing in Ethiopia’s Western Tigray Zone
(Human Rights Watch Report 2022-04-06)
Ethiopia’s multinational federalism ruins Isaias’ assimilationist (2022-04-19 Eth-Insight)
Building on Ethiopia’s Fragile Truce (Crisis Group)
Ethnic cleansing campaign in Western Tigray documented in new probe
(The Globe & Mail 2022-04-06)
Ethiopian authorities moving bodies from Western Tigray following failure to block UN fund for the investigation
(Global News Net 2022-04-04)
"Authorities in Ethiopia are rushing to move bodies from Western Tigray following Ethiopia’s inability to block funds for the investigation at the UN."
Mulugeta Gebrehiwot on the Narrative of the War and the Future of Tigray (Tghat 2022-04-04)
Editors note: On 3 March 2022, the Firoz Lalji Institute for Africa organized an event titled “Finding a pathway to peace and dialogue in Ethiopia“. Mulugeta participated in it by sending a recorded video from Mekelle. He talked about the war preparation, Tigray’s defense, the defeat and the comeback, and the future of Tigray. We present the transcription of his speech below.
The World Must Condemn Human Rights Abuses in Tigray as It Does in Ukraine (G. Reda 2022-03-23)
"International solidarity with Kyiv in the face of Russian aggression is admirable. Tigrayans brutalized by Ethiopia and Eritrea deserve the same."
The record shows there is genocide in Tigray
(Girmay M., Ethiopia Insight)
‘Trying to survive’: millions in Tigray face hunger as they wait in vain for aid (Guardian 2022-03-23)
"With aid unable to reach the war-torn Ethiopian region for months, hundreds of thousands are in ‘famine-like conditions’"
The World’s Deadliest War Isn’t in Ukraine, But in Ethiopia (Bloomberg 2022-03-22)
"Outsiders’ attempts to mediate the conflict have failed so far, but there is more the Biden administration could do to bring a halt to the atrocities."
Understanding a 21st Century Genocide: The Case of Tigray (Tighat 2022-03-21)
Senator Menndez: Ethiopian officials have committed genocide in Tigray and I strongly urge the Biden Administration to make its own assessment as soon as possible.
“I continue to assert that Ethiopian officials have committed genocide in Tigray and I strongly urge the administration to make its own assessment as soon as possible.”
Tigray: The deliberate destruction of a health system (Global Health 2022-03-18)
“The health systems in Tigray are in a state of collapse. They have been pummeled with attacks, looting, and a de facto blockade of medicine and fuel.”
‘Finish Them Off’: Aid Workers, Found on Battlefield, Executed by Ethiopian Soldiers (NYT 2022-03-22)
Three employees of Doctors Without Borders set out to rescue the wounded in a war zone in northern Ethiopia. Their fate shows the treacherous path for many aid workers in conflict zones.
WHO Chief: World's worst health crisis is in Ethiopia (abcNews.com)
“As much of the world’s attention is focused on the bloodshed in Ukraine, the head of the World Health Organization saya there is ”nowhere on earth where the health of millions of people is more under threat" than Ethiopia's Tigray region”
Ethiopian forces burned Tigrayan man alive - rights body (AFP 2022-03-12)
Ethiopian Security Forces Burn Tigrayans alive, talk about Cannibalism (Tighat.com)
“A shocking video emerged on social media on 11th March 2022 showing Amharic-speaking Ethiopian security forces in uniforms burning Tigrayans alive, mocking them, and talking about how delicious their roasted flesh would be with injera or bread.”
(Dr Alemseged Abbay, AigaNews)
There Is a Path to Peace in Tigray: Ethiopia can end its civil war by upholding its constitution (by Dr Mehari Taddele Maru)
“The EPRDF became viscerally hostile to accountability and the rule of law. While short on popular legitimacy, the EPRDF’s Ethiopian developmental state relied on its delivery capability to recoup political support. Democracy was relegated to a secondary order of importance and often even lower than that. The delivery of social goods brought about stability and impressive economic performance; however, it failed to serve as a substitute for constitutional democracy.”
In Tigray, we are demanding food and medicine, not bombs (Dr Hagos Godefay)
“Gross violations of human rights, the destruction and withholding of basic services such as telecommunication and banking, the blockade on all forms of humanitarian assistance, and the deliberate and systematic attack on health facilities have been significant features of the 15-monthslong conflict in Tigray. A far less reported on but no less gruesome aspect has been the continued and deliberate targeting of civilians using unmanned aerial systems.”
New report highlights Tigray atrocities, Ethiopia could face famine (National Catholic Reporter)
Mekelle: a city under siege (by Dr Mulugeta G Berhe)
“Beautiful Mekelle is limping under siege. It is already more than six months since it fell under a complete siege. No telecommunication and internet services, no banking and related services and businesses, no electricity, no commercial flights in and out, no land communication outside Tigrai as it is 360 degrees encircled by hostile forces. ”
Leaked Ethiopian Foreign Ministry document proposes talks to end Tigray conflict (Eritrea Hub)
“The leaked document says that the Ethiopian government should talk to TPLF from a position of strength; Without dialogue, the conflict will go on with serious economic repercussions. The document mentions the US desire to remove Eritrean ruler Isaias Afwerki from power. Eritrea is already under sanctions from the US and EU.”
To achieve peace, take Eritrea out of the game (By Debretsion Gebremichael: Leader of Tigray's government and the Tigray People's Liberation Front. 2022-01-20)
"As international human rights advocates and various institutions have amply documented, the Eritrean military has committed some of the most horrific violations of the laws of armed conflict, such as the brutalisation of civilians, the deliberate destruction of civilian installations, the plundering of private and public wealth, and the use of sexual violence as a tool of war.
... Abiy enunciates lofty ideals that, if sincerely committed to, could help us end the current conflict through dialogue. But he may find it difficult to wean himself off the fateful alliance with the expansionist Amhara elites and that of the Eritrean dictator. As long as he remains hostage to these forces, he will have little room to manoeuvre and exercise a degree of policy autonomy required to take a bold step towards peace. Accordingly, breaking up this unholy alliance is necessary, if not sufficient, to give peace a chance."
Ethiopia PM must end Tigray conflict, Nobel committee says Reuters 2022-01-14
'Hell' created by Tigray blockade, 'insult' to humanity': WHO (Dr Tedros Adhanom, WHO chief 2022-01-12)
""Nowhere in the world are we witnessing hell like in Tigray," World Health Organization chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, himself from Tigray, told reporters.
A de facto blockade preventing medicines and other life-saving supplies reaching Ethiopia's Tigray has created "hell" in the war-ravaged region, and is "an insult to our humanity""
She was in Abiy Ahmed’s cabinet as war broke out. Now she wants to set the record straight [Filsan Abdi] (2021-12-30 WashingtonPost)
Today I didn’t commit suicide, and that’s enough. (by Alem Berhe, Tighat.com 2022-01-12)
"At its base, genocide is not even about the atrocities; it’s about the intent of destroying a certain nation or group. In Tigray, this is not just visible in the ‘usual’ forms of killing: massacres, bombings, shelling, or house-to-house shootings. It’s the willful gratification of the processes of killing which keep me up at night. It’s not just that you got raped, you are raped with the imposition that it’s, after all, to your benefit;"
Tsadkan Gebre-Tensae: Pertinent Issues on the War in Tigray (theElephant 2021-12-26)
"The aims of the leadership of Tigray in the war in Ethiopia are, first, to save the people of Tigray from a genocidal onslaught including forced starvation and, second, to establish an all-inclusive government for Ethiopia as a whole. There is no intention to install a government in Addis Ababa led by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). Instead, we want the people of Tigray to govern themselves within a multi-national federal system...
Although the starvation of our people is not on your television screens, it is real. Every day, children and their mothers are perishing of hunger. Our people are dying needlessly from treatable diseases because our hospitals have no medicine. Abiy made it perfectly clear that he intended to crush the sprite of resistance to subjugation in Tigray through a starvation siege."
Ethiopia to lose access to lucrative US trade program following CNN investigation (2021-12-24 CNN)
The White House will eject Ethiopia from a trade program between sub-Saharan African countries and the United States over human rights violations, according to a statement Thursday. Ethiopia was found to be in violation of section 506a of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), the statement added.
U.S. concerned over Turkey's drone sales to conflict-hit Ethiopia (2021-12-22 Reuters)
Ethiopia: UN Commission is a Victory for the Cause of Justice and Accountability (THe AfricannReport 2021-12-21)
"The resolution passed by the UN Human Rights Council establishing an International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia on 17 December will go a long way towards securing justice for the victims of the genocidal war on Tigray by holding the perpetrators accountable. It is often said that justice delayed is justice denied. Nevertheless, in this particular case, the adage “better late than never” more aptly captures the significance of this resolution."
Tsadkan Gebre-Tensae: The Tigray general who came in from the cold (france24, by 2021-12-10)
"Sidelined after a decade leading Ethiopia's army, General Tsadkan Gebre-Tensae did not expect to don his uniform after retirement. But when war erupted in Tigray, the renowned military strategist was back, ready to fight the army he had once commanded...
Under Tsadkan's leadership, the TPLF recruited and trained new combatants en masse while also welcoming Tigrayan troops who lost their jobs following a purge of the national army."
Ethiopia: New wave of atrocities in Western Tigray (Amnesty 2021-12-16)
"Amhara security forces are responsible for a surge of mass detentions, killings and forced expulsions of ethnic Tigrayans in the Western Tigray territory of northern Ethiopia, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch said today. Tigrayan civilians attempting to escape the new wave of violence have been attacked and killed. Scores in detention face life-threatening conditions including torture, starvation, and denial of medical care. “The new onslaught of abuses by Amhara forces against Tigrayan civilians remaining in several towns in Western Tigray should ring alarm bells,” said Joanne Mariner, Amnesty International’s Director of Crisis Response."
The Nobel Peace Prize That Paved the Way for War (NYT 2021-12-15)
"This is the story behind how Ethiopia’s prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, won a Nobel Prize for making peace with his country’s longtime enemy — and then used the alliance to plan a war. Secret meetings with a dictator. Clandestine troop movements. Months of quiet preparation for a war that was supposed to be swift and bloodless."
Time for Action on Ethiopia (CSIS 2021-12-15)
"The humanitarian situation in Tigray is catastrophic and will get worse as conflict and violence intensify. A humanitarian blockade continues to prevent more than 90 percent of critical assistance from reaching Tigray and conflict-affected areas of Amhara. Ongoing armed violence by all parties to the conflict is driving millions from their homes. Civilian property and infrastructure has been stolen or destroyed, with attacks on civilian infrastructure continuing. Humanitarian assistance is denied, looted, and used as a weapon by all parties, though principally by the government. Communications networks have been cut, fuel deliveries have been stopped, and cash is inaccessible, adding insult to significant injury. To appreciate the scale of suffering in Tigray, experts from Ghent University project “a minimum of 425 hunger deaths per day, and a ‘conservative maximum’ of 1,201 per day.” … the International Atrocity Prevention Working Group, to which the United States is a founding member, should pool resources and publicize genocide determinations. Not to do so would be to offer tacit report for genocide."
Massacres, Rape, Siege: Why Israel Must Stop Its UAE Ally Aiding Ethiopia’s Atrocities (by Alex de Waal, HAARETZ 2021-12-15)
"The UAE is running a huge airlift arming an Ethiopian regime committing mass atrocities in Tigray. That inhumane adventurism is a strategic problem for Israel, too Genocide scholars are sounding the alarm over Ethiopia, where the UAE is arming the government. Emirati-supplied weapons are encouraging Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to go all out for a military solution, which risks mass ethnically-targeted violence."
Ethiopia war: Kenya issues advisory (The East African 2021-12-14)
EU’s Borrell criticizes countries over reaction to Ethiopia conflict (POLITICO 2021-12-13)
18 WFP Aid Trucks Commandeered in Northern Ethiopia (VOA 2021-12-13)
Ethiopia is tearing itself apart (by Alexander Rondos, Chatham House 2021-12-03)
Blinken says Ethiopia conflict risks implosion of country (2021-12-03 CNN)
Briton released from death row accused of inciting genocide in Ethiopia (2021-11-28 the Telegraph)
The warning signs are there for genocide in Ethiopia – the world must act to prevent it (2021-11-26 the Guardian)
UAE air bridge provides military support to Ethiopian government (2021-11-25 Aljazeera)
U.S. Officials Move to Save Repressive Ethiopian Leader from Rebel Advance (2021-11-18 the Progressive)
Who triggered the Tigray War on 3 November 2020? (By Professor Mirjam van Reisen, Klara Smits, Kibrom Berhe. Tilburg, 3 November 2021)
'You can't even cry loudly': Counting Ethiopia'''s war dead (2021-11-15 AP)
Once the great hope of Africa, Ethiopia is descending into chaos before our eyes (2021-11-15 the Telegraph)
Mass arbitrary arrests target Tigrayans, says UN rights office (2021-11-16 UN)
Ethiopia: Salvaging a failing state (2021-11-10 by Alex de Waal)
Ethiopia’s detentions of Tigrayans snare US, UK citizens (2021-11-10 AP)
Ethiopian authorities detain more than 70 U.N. drivers, amid reports of mass arrests (2021-11-10 Reuters)
UN calls for Ethiopian gov't to release detained staff and drivers (2021-11-10 Aljazeera, Video)
Mass arrests of Tigrayans sow fear in Ethiopia (2021-11-07 Mail & Guardian)
Ethiopia's war closes in on the capital as all sides balk at calls for a ceasefire (2021-11-08 CBS)
Includes a good video coverage
Ethiopia braces for all-out war as rebels advance on capital (2021-11-08 CNBC)
'No more negotiation': Ethiopians denounce U.S. at rally (2021-11-07 Reuters)
Biden’s diplomacy push meets its match as Ethiopia unravels (2021-11-06 Politico)
A Message to the Congress on the Termination of the Designation of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Ethiopia), the Republic of Guinea (Guinea), and the Republic of Mali (Mali) as beneficiary sub-Saharan African countries under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) (The White House)
Ethiopian Hate-speech worthy of the Rwandan genocide carried by Facebook (Eritrean Hub)
“The war is with your closest enemy who is sitting in Ethiopian cities collecting information and spending money to your killers.”
The UNSC Should Not Repeat Its Yemen Errors in Ethiopia (by Dr Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe)
New airstrikes hit capital of Ethiopia’s Tigray region (AP)
Renewed Ethiopia air raids on capital of embattled Tigray region (Aljazeera)
Air strike hits capital of Ethiopia's Tigray for third time this week (Reuters)
#MekelleUnderAttack - Day II
Ethiopian military airstrikes hit Tigray capital (PBS)
Ethiopian military airstrikes hit Tigray capital (AP)
Air strikes target capital of Ethiopia’s Tigray; 3 civilians dead (Aljazeera)
‘God have mercy’: Tigray residents describe life under siege (AP)
"As food and the means to buy it dwindled in a city under siege, the young mother felt she could do no more. She killed herself, unable to feed her children.
...We see babies dying. I saw myself people eating leaves like goats."
Ethiopia/Tigray: A ‘balanced’ approach to Abiy’s medieval war makes a mockery of justice
(by By Debretsion Gebremichael, Leader of Tigray's government and the Tigray People's Liberation Front)
"The Tigray government and people should not face international sanctions for trying to avoid annihilation. The international response to the Ethiopian and Eritrean governments’ genocidal war on Tigray has been woefully inadequate. But what is also perplexing about the international response has to do with the reflexive tendency to apportion blame for ongoing hostilities not on the basis of objective facts but on the need to appear evenhanded."
Ethiopia Launches New Offensive on Tigray Rebels as Famine Looms (The New York Times)
“I don’t think this will be a protracted fight — a matter of days, most probably weeks.” General Tsadkan
Ethiopia used its flagship commercial airline to transport weapons during war in Tigray (Exclusive by Nima Elbagir, Gianluca Mezzofiore, Katie Polglase and Barbara Arvanitidis, CNN)
How to Destroy a Country: Does Ethiopia Have a Future? Center for Global Dev., by Mark Lowcock - former U.N. under-secretary-general for humanitarian affairs)
Feast and Famine in Ethiopia (ALEX DEWAAL)
The Rise of Fascism in Ethiopia (African Arguments)
What Tigray Portends: The Future Of Peace And Security in Africa (Sam Wilkins)
"Abiy recently called the conflict a case where “the weed is being removed from our country.” This genocidal language follows a ten-month campaign characterized by acts of ethnic cleansing, sexual violence, and man-made famine. Thus far, the conflict has killed an estimated 50,000 civilians and displaced approximately 2 million people, while at least 350,000 face famine conditions."
Will Ethiopia’s genocide be worse than Rwanda’s? (Washington Exminer)
"When Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019, he was the toast of the town. Today, he is among the world’s most dangerous men...
Ethiopia crisis a 'stain on our conscience,' U.N. says as thousands face starvation (CBS News)
"The lack of food will mean that people will start to die," the United Nations humanitarian chief said."
In Memoriam: Seyoum Mesfin, Ethiopian Peacemaker and Patriot (by ALEX DEWAAL)
‘Extreme Urgent Need’: Starvation Haunts Ethiopia’s Tigray (Washington Post)
Ethiopia Conflict: Outrage Over Damage to Tigray Mosque (Middle East Eye)
Ethiopia’s war in Tigray shows no signs of abating, despite government’s victory claims. (The Washington Post)
Ethiopia rights body says video shows extrajudicial killings (Reuters, 2022-06-19)
A Portrait: Isaias Afwerki, The Man & The Dictator
(DIA Democracy in Africa, 2022-04-11)
Rights groups accuse Ethiopian regional forces of ethnic cleansing in Tigray (Reuters, 2022-04-06)
A Spark in the Midst of Darkness: The experience of a psychotherapist treating survivors of sexual violence in Tigray (Dr Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe, tufts.edu)
Ethiopia: Airstrike on Camp for Displaced Likely War Crime (HRW.org 2022-03-24)
Ethiopia declares immediate truce to allow aid into Tigray (Aljazeera 2022-03-24)
U.S. Focused on Delivery of Humanitarian Aid to Ethiopia's Tigray (Reuters 2022-03-23)
I Was 13 When I Fled War in Tigray. This Is What Conflict Has Done to My Home.
Ethiopia's Tigray crisis: What's stopping aid getting in? (BBC 2022-03-20)
Refugees From Other Wars Want to Know Why White Ukrainians Get VIP Treatment (2022-03-17 DailyBeast)
UN: Food aid in Ethiopia’s Tigray now at ‘all-time lowest’ (2022-01-20 News5)
Ethiopia Conflict Dynamics Shift as New U.S. Envoy Takes Over (CFR.org 2022-01-10 Aljazeera)
Aid workers in Sudan warn of crisis as Ethiopia war continues (2021-12-22 Aljazeera)
Somalia and Eritrea accused of deploying troops to Ethiopia (2021-12-19 Garowe Online)
Ethiopia in Yugoslavia’s footsteps (2021-12-19 Al Ahram)
Timeline: Ethiopia's brutal war (2021-12-18 Al Ahram)
U.N. rights forum agrees to investigate abuses in Ethiopia (2021-12-18 Reuters)
New wave of abuses alleged in Ethiopia's Tigray (2021-12-16 NBC)
The war in Ethiopia is 2021’s hidden conflict (2021-12-16 AP)
Ethiopia arrests Associated Press freelance journalist (2021-12-16 AP)
Angela Merkel’s most important legacy: her civility (2021-12-08 NewStatesman)
Ethiopia’s civil war: how the country is on the brink of ‘irreversible state collapse’ (2021-11-19 The Week)
Mass Detentions of Civilians Fan ‘Climate of Fear’ in Ethiopia (2021-11-17 NYT)
On Nov. 2, the government declared a state of emergency, and the resulting roundups have swept up anyone of Tigrayan descent, many of whom had no ties to the rebels or even affinity for them. They were not just young men and women, but also mothers with children and the elderly, according to human rights advocates and interviews with nearly a dozen family members and friends of detainees. They have been seized off the streets, in their homes and even in workplaces
Scores of children killed by starvation in Tigray (2021-11-16 the Guardian)
There’s a brutal conflict in Ethiopia. My family there ask: why does no one hear us? by Magdalene Abraha (2021-11-17 the Guardian)
Ethiopia conflict threat to wider regional security: Blinken (2021-11-17 Aljazeera)
Can the African Union solve Ethiopia’s year-long conflict? (2021-11-16 Aljazeera)
Tigray forces may seize Djibouti corridor- ICG expert warns (2021-11-15 AfricaNews)
Ethiopia Is Spiraling, and There’s One Man’s Mistake Behind It (2021-11-12 by Awol Allo, NYT Guest Opinion)
US sanctions Eritrean army, ruling party over Ethiopia conflict (2021-11-12, Aljazeera)Ethiopia's Capital Under Threat:
Rebels threaten Ethiopian capital as UN slams atrocities committed in Tigray conflict (CNN)
"A senior diplomatic source in Ethiopia told CNN on Wednesday that fighters from the TDF and the OLA were on the outskirts of the capital. ...the rebels had the firepower to be inside the city within hours, if they chose to be, but would prefer to wait for an agreement to be put in place."
Ethiopia declares nationwide state of emergency (Aljazeera -video)
Objectivity concerns over UN’s report on Tigray civil war (The Guardian)
Abiy Ahmed: The First Nobel Laureate On Trial at the International Criminal Court? (The National Interest)
ካብ ወታደራዊ ኮማንድ ትግራይ ዝተወሃበ መግለፂ 10/28/2021
Why the U.S. should call the famine and violence in Tigray a genocide (The Washington Post, Mawi Asgedom)
How Ethiopian Airlines is fuelling the cruel global wildlife trade (World Animal Protection)
Ethiopia expels U.N. officials amid signs of famine in the Tigray region (Washington Post)
US takes Ethiopia’s adviser to task for hate speech
"US blasts ‘dangerous’ rhetoric by ally of Ethiopia PM"
We Can No Longer Deny the Atrocities in Ethiopia (Alex Duwaal)
"We know enough to have reasonable fear that a crime and a tragedy on a truly enormous scale is unfolding"
Eritrea’s Silent War (ALEX DEWAAL)
"Isseyas’s method has been to create brute facts on the ground and not to enter into any discussion. His strategy is to outlast his enemies, and to make himself the indispensable center of an axis of autocracy in the Horn and Red Sea."
Somalia’s Disassembled State (ALEX DEWAAL)
‘Thirty years after the overthrow of President Mohamed Siad Barre, Somalia is in a new interregnum. This time, most of the Somali political elite share a consensus on the next step—dialogue.’
Hunger deaths aren’t simply about famine or no famine (ALEX DEWAAL)
‘Focus on loss of life – and urgently trying to prevent it – rather than whether a famine has been declared.’
Refugees International Calls for Urgent Intervention in Ethiopia
"The humanitarian situation in Tigray is rapidly deteriorating, and the international community must urgently intervene."
Ethiopia Conflict: Outrage Over Damage to Tigray Mosque (Martin Plaut)
The Secret War in Tigray (Ethiopian Insight)